Can India get into NSG?


Background :-

  • Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a group of Nuclear supplier countries that are allowed to trade in & export nuclear material technology.
  • It was formed in 1974 to limit exports of nuclear equipment, materials and technology, because India tested Nuclear weapon in the same year.
  • According to Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), 1968, the spread and expansion of nuclear weapons is prohibited to maintain global peace.
  • NPT mentions that only 5 countries – USA, UK, Russia, France & China are allowed to keep their nuclear weapons, and all other countries are prohibited to do so.
  • 191 countries signed NPT.
  • India didn’t sign NPT, because this agreement is discriminatory. And also without nuclear weapons India’s security will be at risk in this modern era.
  • Except France, all the members of NSG are signatories of NPT.

How NSG benefits India :-

  • NSG’s membership will boost India’s atomic energy sector.

Obstacles :-

  • China is the strongest opposer to the India’s entry into NSG. It is expressing opposition, because India is not a signatory of NPT. China demanded that if India is allowed into NSG, Pakistan, which is also not a signatory of NSG, also deserve membership in NSG.
  • Turkey, Austria, Ireland, New zealand are also opposing India’s entry into NSG, as it is not a signatory of NPT.
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In Favor of India’s Entry into NSG :-

  • In 2008, during a summit by NSG, India made a formal pledge that it would not share nuclear technology with others and will not test nuclear weapons.
  • USA, UK, Russia, Australia, Japan, Mexico, Canada and French have shown support to India’s membership in NSG.

Conclusion :-

India has good support and well track record to get into NSG. If India can garner the strongest opposer China’s support, the way to NSG’s membership will be cleared.

Afterwords :- What is your opinion on this topic. Express your thoughts in the comment section below.

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